CRITICAL REVIEW

One of the most important creators in the field of architecture and urban planning on an international level, author of numerous paintings and watercolours exhibited at home and abroad, he was completely forgotten during the communist and post-revolutionary period. (Oana Marinache, 2016)
 


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    BIOGRAPHY

    (Ploiești, October 30, 1898 - Bucharest, August 28, 1977)
     
    Academic/specialized studies
    1925-1930 - He received a scholarship and went to study architecture at the School of Fine Arts in Paris. In parallel with studies and works of architecture and urbanism, he attended the free classes in painting and graphics in the workshops of Jean Paul Laurens (1838-1921) and Wadens, and at the Julien Academies and La Grande Chaumière. Willing to get a complete education, he attended the Faculty of Letters and Louvre School for 2 years.
    1926-1929 - He attended free courses of public works.
    1929 - He graduated the Institute of Urbanism at the Sorbonne and in December 1930 he returned to Romania.
     
    Teaching (disciples and influence)
    1946 - Lecturer at the Polytechnic School, 16 Nicolae Iorga Street.
    ? - He was appointed professor of the course ’’Urbanism and systematization’’, at the School for surveyors.
    1947 - Donated 50,000 lei for urban planning awards, at the Faculty of Architecture within Bucharest Polytechnic.
    1950-1951 - Lecturer at the Design Institute of the Ministry of Industry and consumer goods.
     
    Professional activity: affiliations, administrative positions, committees
    1925-1926 - He worked in Pierre Pouradier Duteil’s and Drouin-Deligne’s workshops in Grenoble, as chief of agency, as well as in Paul Louis Dubuisson’s and Jean Rey’s in Paris.
    After finishing his studies - He worked in the architecture workshops of professors Gaston Redon and Albert Tournaire, at the School of Fine Arts as well as in those of urbanists Henri Prost and Jaques Greber.
    ? - He worked for the Communications Service of Bucharest City Hall.
    1952-1957 - Advisor in the technical council of the Ministry of Chemical Industry and chief architect at IPROCHIM.
    1958 - Architect chief coordinator at the Regional Institute of Design in Ploiești.
     
    Other relevant information
    Alexandru Zamfiropol was born on October 30, 1898, in Ploiești, to Elena Mihăilescu and Alexandru Zamfiropol, a clerk. He was married to Jeanne Louise Dupui (1900-1980), but they did not have children.
    In World War I, he participated as a volunteer, losing a leg in a train accident.
    He participated with works of art and architecture at the French Artists Salon, Romanian Salons organized between 1930 and 1942, and the annual exhibitions in 1949-1957. During the communist period, he dedicated himself exclusively to painting, graphics and watercolours.
     


    PROJECTS


    COMPLETED WORKS

    Urban planning and landscaping
    1931 - Systematization plan of Bucharest;
    ? - He was a member of the S.A.R. delegation who discussed with mayor Donescu about the problems regarding the modernization and systematization of Bucharest;
    1938 (June 29 - July 2) - On behalf of the Union of Romanian Architects, he took part in the conference of the office of International Institute of Administrative Sciences and the International Union of Cities, Bucharest;
    1939 - Systematization plan of Azuga commune (lost in the war);
    1942-1943 - The draft of the systematization plan of Pitești (together with Arch. Kikero Constantinescu) and Predeal (centre, railway station).
     
    Architectural projects
    1931-1933 - V. Constantinescu villa, Arhiereu Calist Street;
    ? - A. D. Mincu building and Dr. Țețu (together with Arch. Al. Hempel), 8 Intrarea N. Beldiceanu;
    1933-1934 - Prof. Chirițescu Arva building, 41 Constantinescu Alexandru Street;
    1935-1938 - His own building at 16-18 B. Mussolini Street; he had a flat on the 3rd floor;
    He designed hundreds of houses parcelling lots: Lanariei 80 (63 buildings coupled on the ground floor and upstairs; a total of 126 flats), Lemaitre factory, Calea Văcărești, Șoseaua Vergului, Drumul la Tei, Câmpul Veseliei, Calea Rahovei, Șoseaua Militari, Calea Dorobanți, etc.
     
    Competitions. Awards and distinctions
    1931 - Participated in the contest for a resort-clinic in Zagreb.
    1957 - Participated in international competition for Nations Square in Geneva.
    Zamfiropol created watercolours and paintings throughout his life, especially in the last part (1950-1977), when he wasn’t allowed to teach and was unable to practice as an architect and urban planner, a period he spent exclusively painting. He created many artworks, some of which were recorded in his notebooks, along with the sale price and the names of their beneficiaries or collectors. He took part in many official salons, both at home and abroad, as his works were exhibited in France and America. At the Official Salon in 1928, at the Grand Palais in Paris, he received the silver medal, a remarkable sign of appreciation for the creation of a foreigner.
    1940 - He was awarded an honourable mention in the competition for Armand Călinescu’s monument (project carried out together with Geza Rubletzky).
    1943 - He won the 1st prize in the competition for the setup of the Royal Palace Square in Bucharest.  
    1946 - He won the Ex Aequo prize at the competition for the restoration of the National Theatre (together with Arch. Valentin Iorga).
     
    Editorial activity
    1932 - Published ’’Un cité du pétrole” at the Institute of urbanism in Paris
    Since 1935 - He was part of the editorial staff of Buletinului Sindicatului Întreprinzătorilor de Lucrări Publice și Particulare.
     


    BIBLIOGRAPHY

    Primary sources:
    Arhitectura
    , RPR 4/1955, pp. 9-22.
    Arhitectura, no. 4-5/1981, pp. 113-118.
    U.A.R. Archives, the memo prepared for getting U.A.P. membership and receiving a pension.
    Personal archives
     
    Webgrafie:
    http://arhivadearhitectura.ro/arhitecti/alexandru-zamfiropol/
    http://arhivadearhitectura.ro/locuinta/imobil-zamfiropol/