CRITICAL REVIEW


Cincinat Sfințescu was born on 14 September 1887, in Slatina, as the son of Ioan and Maria Sfințescu. In 1905, he was admitted at the National School of Bridges and Roads, in Bucharest, and in 1906, after finishing his studies in Romania, he left for Berlin on a scholarship offered by the Romanian Academy. While studying abroad and undertaking many study trips across Europe, he realized that he wanted to introduce the scientific field dedicated to urban planning in Romania. Cincinat Sfințescu aimed to establish  a rigorous and clear methodological framework for the new discipline and succeeded in bringing it to the attention of both specialized and general public, getting involved in Romanian urbanistic endeavours, many of which he organized himself. Engineer Cincinat Sfințescu is one of the Romanian specialists with a long career holding an executive position within Bucharest City Hall. He designed the first urban planning of the city, The General Systematization Plan (1921). His professional activity was highly esteemed by the numerous students he guided, as a professor teaching in three higher education institutions. He founded the first department of urbanism in Romania, within the Superior School of Architecture in Bucharest. Sfințescu had an extremely rich editorial activity, spanning over 30 years, authoring over 200 scientific works on urbanism, including two seminal reference works: Pentru București. Noi studii urbanistice and Urbanistică generală. He also initiated the publication of urbanism magazines in Romania, which were issued continually from 1923 to 1942. Cincinat Sfințescu is the founder of the Society of Romanian Urbanists (1927), and, later on, of the Romanian Institute of Urbanism (1932). He succeeded in aligning the practice and theory of urbanism in Romania to the international standards in the field, and was an active member of numerous well-known urbanism associations. He died on 25 September 1955 and was buried at Bellu Cemetery.
(Fișă realizată de Georgiana Ivan, 2017)
 


IMAGES



    BIOGRAPHY


    (13 September 1887, Slatina – 25 September 1955, Bucharest)
     
    Academic/specialized studies
    National School of Bridges and Roads, Bucharest;
    1910 - 1913 - Polytechnic School of Charlottenburg.
     
    Teaching (disciples and influence)
    1920 - 1947 - Professor of Urbanism at the Superior School of Architecture, at the Academy of Architecture and the Faculty of Architecture within the Polytechnic University of Bucharest;
    1921 - 1930 - Professor at the Special Civil Engineering School (for officers);
    1923?-1931 - Professor of urbanism and city planning at the School for State Science and the School of Administrative Sciences.
     
    Public/professional activity (affiliations, administrative positions, committees)
     1911 - Became a member of the Romanian Polytechnic Society;
    1914 - 1920 - Head of the Planning Department;
    from 1920 - to August 1934 - He was the Head of the House of City Public Works;
    1921 - Became a member of the Association of Romanian Engineers (AGIR);
    1922 - 1923 - Member of the Administrative Board, cashier;
    1926 - He was a member of the IFHTP board;
    1926 - 1932 - Technical secretary of the Union of Romanian Cities (UOR);
    1927 - Founding member of the Romanian Society of Urbanists;
    1931 - 1939 - He was elected vice president of the IF board (honorary position);
    1932 - Initiator of the Romanian Institute of Urbanism;
    1933 - 1935 and 1938 - 1942 - General Secretary of UOR and manager of Urbanismul magazine.
     


    PROJECTS


    COMPLETED/INCOMPLETE PROJECTS
     1921 - 1935 - He designed the plans for Bucharest city planning;
    1929 - He designed the plans for city planning in Bazargic (now Tolbuhin), Bulgaria;
    1930 - He prepared the project meant to ensure the water supply in Bucharest;
    1930 - Sanitation works on Colentina lakes, Bucharest;
    1949 - 1954 - Collaboration on the new city planning project for Bucharest;
    1950 - Collaboration on regional city planning, Hunedoara.
     


    BIBLIOGRAPHY


    CONSTANTIN, Paul, Dicționar universal al arhitecților, Editura Științifică și Enciclopedică, Bucharest, 1986;
    CDCAS (coordonator Ing. DOBRESCU Aurelia), Dicționarul Constructorilor Români, CDCAS, Bucharest, 2000.
     
    Webography:
    www.sfintescu.ro